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Itatiaia National Park


Itatiaia National Park is located on the border of the states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais  and it is part of Mantiqueira Mountain Range. It occupies an area of 30.000 hectares and can be divided in 2 parts; the low and the high sections. In the lower section the altitude varies from 400 to 1800 meters and a robust and humid Atlantic Rain Forest is the predominant vegetation. In the higher section, “Campo de Altitude” is the predominant vegetation and the altitude can reach over than 2700 meters.

It has more than 350 species of birds, including a big number of endemics and rarities. Lots of birds can be seen, such as Dusky-legged Guan, Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail, Plain Parakeet, Tawny-browed Owl, Short-tailed Nighthawk, Scale-throated Hermit, Frilled Coquette, White-throated Hummingbird, Black Jacobin, Violet-capped Woodnymph, Black-breasted Plovercrest, Brazilian Ruby, Red-breasted Toucan, Saffron and Spot-billed Toucanet, Yellow-fronted, White-spotted and Yellow-eared Woodpecker, Black-billed Scythebill, Araucaria Tit-Spinetail, Itatiaia Spinetail, Sharp-billed and Pale-browed Treehunter, White-collared Foliage-Gleaner, White-bearded and Large-tailed Antshrike, Rufous-backed and Plain Antvireo, Star-throated Antwren, Rufous-tailed, Ferruginous, Ochre-rumped and White-bibbed Antbird, Mouse-coloured Tapaculo, Shear-tailed Gray-Tyrant, Blue-billed Black-Tyrant, Black-and-Gold and Swallow-tailed Cotinga, Black-capped Piprites, Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin, Olive-green, Magpie, Diademed, Fawn-breasted, Green-headed, Brassy-breasted and Gilt-edged Tanager, Thick-billed Saltator, Red-rumped and Bay-chested Warbling-Finch and many other species. In addition to birds you can also see Capuchin Monkeys and the rare Masked Titi Monkey.